nginx不浏览直接下载文件的解决方法

如果nginx配置不对,就会造成部分文件,在浏览器中不是直接预览,而是进行了下载。修改的方法是修改配置文件。具体解决方法如下。

配置文件 nginx.conf

http {
    include mime.types;
    default_type application/octet-stream;

这里主要有两行代码。
第一行: include mine.types 对应了文件的mime类型。
第二行: 默认的是octet-stream, 意思是如果一个文件的mime类型不存在就会使用默认的类型。 通常是这个导致了文件的下载。

解决方法:

default_type application/octet-stream; 修改为default_type text/html; 这样就默认表示一个文件是 html文件, 就可以在浏览器中查看。

修改后可能出现的问题

上面的方面可以解决文件不在浏览器中预览的情况,但是如果有文件的扩展名对应mime信息找不到,也会进行预览, 不管文件是不是文本文件,都是当成是文本文件。

nginx 默认的 mime 类型

文件mime.types


types { text/html html htm shtml; text/css css; text/xml xml; image/gif gif; image/jpeg jpeg jpg; application/javascript js; application/atom+xml atom; application/rss+xml rss; text/mathml mml; text/plain txt; text/vnd.sun.j2me.app-descriptor jad; text/vnd.wap.wml wml; text/x-component htc; image/png png; image/tiff tif tiff; image/vnd.wap.wbmp wbmp; image/x-icon ico; image/x-jng jng; image/x-ms-bmp bmp; image/svg+xml svg svgz; image/webp webp; application/font-woff woff; application/java-archive jar war ear; application/json json; application/mac-binhex40 hqx; application/msword doc; application/pdf pdf; application/postscript ps eps ai; application/rtf rtf; application/vnd.apple.mpegurl m3u8; application/vnd.ms-excel xls; application/vnd.ms-fontobject eot; application/vnd.ms-powerpoint ppt; application/vnd.wap.wmlc wmlc; application/vnd.google-earth.kml+xml kml; application/vnd.google-earth.kmz kmz; application/x-7z-compressed 7z; application/x-cocoa cco; application/x-java-archive-diff jardiff; application/x-java-jnlp-file jnlp; application/x-makeself run; application/x-perl pl pm; application/x-pilot prc pdb; application/x-rar-compressed rar; application/x-redhat-package-manager rpm; application/x-sea sea; application/x-shockwave-flash swf; application/x-stuffit sit; application/x-tcl tcl tk; application/x-x509-ca-cert der pem crt; application/x-xpinstall xpi; application/xhtml+xml xhtml; application/xspf+xml xspf; application/zip zip; application/octet-stream bin exe dll; application/octet-stream deb; application/octet-stream dmg; application/octet-stream iso img; application/octet-stream msi msp msm; application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document docx; application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet xlsx; application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation pptx; audio/midi mid midi kar; audio/mpeg mp3; audio/ogg ogg; audio/x-m4a m4a; audio/x-realaudio ra; video/3gpp 3gpp 3gp; video/mp2t ts; video/mp4 mp4; video/mpeg mpeg mpg; video/quicktime mov; video/webm webm; video/x-flv flv; video/x-m4v m4v; video/x-mng mng; video/x-ms-asf asx asf; video/x-ms-wmv wmv; video/x-msvideo avi; }

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